DIRECT MEASUREMENT OF DISPLACEMENTS IN VIBRATING STRUCTURES THROUGH VISION-BASED APPROACHES, 2004
This paper reports the results of an analytical and experimental study to develop, calibrate, implement and evaluate the feasibility of a novel vision-based approach for obtaining direct measurements of the absolute displacement time history at selectable locations of dispersed civil infrastructure systems such as long-span bridges. The measurements were obtained using a highly accurate camera in conjunction with a laser tracking reference. Calibration of the vision system was conducted in the lab to establish performance envelopes and data processing algorithms to extract the needed information from the captured vision scene. Subsequently, the monitoring apparatus was installed in the vicinity of the Vincent Thomas Bridge in the metropolitan Los Angeles region. This allowed the deployment of the instrumentation system under realistic conditions so as to determine field implementation issues that need to be addressed. It is shown that the proposed approach has the potential of leading to an economical and robust system for obtaining direct, simultaneous measurements at several locations of the displacement time histories of realistic infrastructure systems undergoing complex three-dimensional deformations.
– Wahbeh, A.M., Caffrey, J.P., and Masri, S.F., “Direct Measurement of Displacements in Vibrating Structures Through Vision-Based Approaches,” Emirates Journal for Engineering Research, 9 (2), 105-110, 2004.